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Milk has been considered one of the basic foods for all living organisms since the beginning of existence, and it is a main ingredient in a large number of foods in different countries, whether in its raw form or one of its derivatives.
Therefore, knowing the benefits of milk for human health and for different age groups is a matter of interest to many, especially in our time with the spread of healthy diets and diets based on organic and natural food ingredients.
1. Rich in nutrients
The nutritional content of milk can vary, and this is related to several factors, such as: its fat content, the method of processing the cow from which the milk came, and the diet of the mammal from which it came.
In general, milk is a source of many vitamins and minerals, such as calcium, vitamin D, vitamin B12, potassium, vitamin A, zinc, magnesium, and vitamin B1, and it is an excellent source of protein, in addition, it is a good source of healthy fats, and antioxidants, and contains hundreds of Of various fatty acids, including conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and omega-3, which have many health benefits, such as: A lower risk of diabetes and heart disease.
2. Milk is a rich source of proteins necessary for the body
Milk contains protein necessary for many vital functions in the body, such as growth, cell repair, and immune regulation, because it contains all nine essential amino acids that the human body needs to function properly. These acids help reduce age-related muscle loss and improve physical performance in Elderly.
High consumption of milk and dairy products is associated with increased muscle mass, improved athletic performance in the elderly, and enhanced muscle recovery in athletes, as well as reduced muscle damage and soreness after exercise.
3. Milk is essential for bone health
Calcium is one of the most important minerals for the human body, and the most abundant in it. It helps form bones and teeth, and maintain their health, in addition to the fact that nerve cells, body tissues, fluids, and blood contain calcium.
The appropriate level of calcium in the body is also associated with reducing the risk of osteoporosis with age, and one of its benefits is that it helps send and receive nerve signals, secrete hormones and other chemicals, and maintain the nature of the heartbeat, in addition to its role in muscle contraction and relaxation and blood clotting
It is one of the most important nutrients found in milk, so adding milk and dairy products to your diet may help prevent bone diseases, such as osteoporosis, and reduce the risk of fractures.
4. Promote heart health
Milk is rich in potassium, which can promote vasodilation and reduce blood pressure, and potassium intake can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke.
But taking too much potassium can have risks, including heart problems.
It is worth noting that cow’s milk also contains a high amount of saturated fat and cholesterol, which are linked to an increased risk of heart disease, so dairy products should be eaten in moderation.
5. Help prevent weight gain
Numerous studies have shown that adding milk, especially whole milk, to your diet may prevent weight gain and lower the risk of obesity.
Milk contains a variety of ingredients that may contribute to weight loss and prevent weight gain, including:
The higher protein content helps you feel full for a longer period of time, which may prevent overeating.
The ability of conjugated linoleic acid in milk to promote weight loss by promoting fat dissolution and inhibiting fat production.
Calcium-rich diets have been associated with a lower risk of obesity, because they promote the breakdown of calcium
Fats prevent their absorption into the body.
6. Relieve depression
Adequate vitamin D intake supports the production of serotonin, a hormone associated with mood, appetite, and sleep.
Manufacturers often fortify milk with vitamin D.
Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with depression, chronic fatigue, and premenstrual syndrome.
7. Reducing the risk of cancer
Milk contains calcium and vitamin D, two nutrients that may help prevent cancer.
Calcium may help protect the lining of the intestine to reduce the risk of colon or rectal cancer, and vitamin D may play a role in regulating cell growth and preventing colon cancer.