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Mother’s milk is considered the best food for a child until he reaches six months of age, and his need for breast milk or formula milk continues until he reaches the age of two, in addition to healthy and appropriate foods for the child’s age.
But there are a set of tips that must be followed when feeding a child to ensure his safety
– The child must be provided with milk at any time he expresses his desire, and not try to force him to finish the bottle of milk, while trying to keep him in an upright position after he finishes the milk, and it is good to feed the child slowly, especially in children who spit milk a lot. In general, newborns need about 55-85 grams of milk every 2-3 hours.
– The instructions for use must be read and adhered to in order to know the necessary amount of water or powder to be used; This is because adding insufficient amounts of water may lead to diarrhea and dehydration.
– The new bottle of milk must be sterilized, by placing it in boiling water for 5 minutes, or it can be washed on the hands using a special brush for this process using hot water and soap, and then rinsed with water well.
– It is not recommended to use a microwave to heat milk; This is because the microwave heats unevenly, and thus the child may be exposed to burns in his mouth, and the temperature of the milk must be checked before giving it to the child by placing a few drops of it on the skin.
– Milk prepared from powder should be used within 24 hours of its preparation, while the consumption period for liquid concentrated or ready-to-use milk may reach 48 hours. Of course, prepared milk should be kept in the refrigerator during these periods.
– The infant must be at least 5 to 6 months old to start the extra meals.
– The infant must be able to sit on a high chair, for example.
– The infant must have expressed his desire to eat and cooperate to start eating by opening his mouth to receive it.
– The weight of the infant must be at least twice the birth weight to start the extra meals.
– Baby meals can be prepared from cereal powder or vegetable and fruit puree by adding water, formula or breast milk.
– Diversity and increase the type and amount of meals after making sure that the child accepts and tolerates food, with the necessity of separating different foods at a rate of at least 3 days to know the child’s intolerance or sensitivity to any food.
– Avoid giving the child any food that causes an allergy to him, especially in the event of a rash, pills, vomiting, diarrhea or abdominal pain from a specific food category.
– Start feeding the baby slowly and in small amounts of solid food in the form of a liquid and gradually increase the amount until the child becomes accustomed to the new way of feeding him.
– Consider that the process of cooking food in a good way so that the food is mature, soft and easy to eat.
– you must not add salt, spices and sugar to the child’s food, but it can be added in the least amount possible at the age of one year.
– Ensure that all materials used to prepare baby food are clean and sterile.
– Choosing foods without peels and seeds, which can enter the airway of the child and cause suffocation.
– Start adding vegetables and grains to the child’s food before fruits and sugars so that he gets used to them.
– Taking into account that the density of the food at the beginning is liquid and finely ground and in a small amount, and its density and quantity gradually increase with the growth of the child.
– Getting the child used to healthy and positive eating habits and not forcing the child to eat more food.
– Do not use fried foods, pickles, and processed foods such as mortadella.
– Do not give the child food containing pistachios, raisins, or popcorn, because they can lead to suffocation.