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Powdered milk is an important commodity, because it is available in large quantities. Also, the taste of powdered milk is better than the taste of fresh milk for many people.
There is no difference between powdered milk and liquid milk, as powdered milk is made of the liquid type, by drying it from the water it contains.
It is worth noting that the benefits of powdered milk do not differ from liquid milk, but when an excessive amount of water is added when preparing powdered milk, it is diluted too much, and its nutritional value decreases, so you must read the instructions written on the package, and be careful to follow them to the fullest.
The first to dry milk were the Mongols. The Italian explorer, Marco Polo, mentioned that the Mughal soldiers under the command of Emperor Kublai Khan, in the thirteenth century AD, were leaving milk in the Gobi Desert for a long time, until the sun dried it, becoming thick and solid, and if What they needed, they put a little of it in the water, and it dissolved back into milk.
Milk is dried in factories, that is, the percentage of water in it is reduced from about 87.5% to about 3% in two ways: Spray drying technology: Machines are used to spray milk in the form of a mist, offset by blowing hot air on the opposite side, so the drops of milk dry immediately, then the filling operations begin , which is the most common method.
Heated cylinders technology: Milk is sprayed in the form of a mist on the surface of heated cylinders, under appropriate conditions of pressure and temperature, so the water evaporates from the milk, leaving the powder.
The milk to be dried should not exceed 0.15% acidity. A slight increase in its acidity will reduce the solubility of the resulting milk powder.
The microbial content does not exceed 200,000 cells per ml of milk.
It should not contain any antibiotics, or traces of pesticides; Because this will affect the quality of the powdered milk produced.
Also, manufacturers of dry milk add many vitamins, especially vitamin D and minerals, to it. It is known as fortified milk.
It is drunk by adults and children, and its types for children vary according to the child’s age and needs. Full-fat powdered milk lasts from six to nine months, as determined by the manufacturer. Low-fat milk remains valid for about two years, and is kept in a dry and cool place, away from sunlight.
Calories from fat 4.4
1% total fat 0.5 g
2% saturated fat 0.3 g
0 grams of polyunsaturated fat
0.1 g of monounsaturated fat
4% cholesterol 12 mg mg
16% Sodium 373 mg
33% Potassium 1159 mg
12% Total Carbs 35g
0% dietary fiber 0 g
Sugars 35 grams
Protein 24 grams
32% Vitamin A
6.3% Vitamin C
It lasts for a long time: Powdered milk, unlike liquid milk, has a longer shelf life if it is kept well. It can be kept for up to a year and a half without spoiling.
Cheap price: Powdered milk is available in a variety of types and shapes at an affordable price, and the weight of the container is less and the method of preserving and storing it is inexpensive.
Its uses are multiple: one of them is that it is food for children and infants, as it is used in cooking and making pastries and some types of sweets.